After the G20 foreign ministers meeting ended yesterday (8), the finance ministers meeting next week will also be held in Bali, Indonesia. Indonesia, which contributed to the Russian-Ukrainian War, has rarely staged high-ranking officials from China, Russia and Europe and the United States on the same stage. It is one of the four "swing countries" currently receiving attention. Ten years ago, two scholars at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS), Richard Fontaine and Daniel M. Kliman, put forward the discourse of "Global Swing States".
They believed that India, Brazil, Indonesia and Turkey are targets that the U.S. government should actively court because these four emerging economies are large and growing, have democratic institutions, occupy key strategic positions in their respective cell numbers list regions, and "importantly, their international roles are fluid. ". The international environmental challenges faced by the United States at that time included the rise of China, the weakening of the international financial structure after the global financial tsunami, the stagnation of multilateral trade negotiations,
the nuclear threats from North Korea and Iran, and the regression of democracy in some countries. Fonten and Kleiman argued that the United States would be more effective in stabilizing the international order by dealing with these "swing countries" than by directly approaching China and Russia, two "hard" countries that were difficult to change. Now, 10 years later, the performance of these four countries since the Russian-Ukrainian war seems to be echoing the characteristics and criticality of "swing". First look at Indonesia.